His philosophy inspired late 19th-century idealists such F.H. He wrote several books and articles, which are considered as major philosophical works of his time. For the next three years he lived in Berne, with time on his hands and the run of a good library, where he read Edward Gibbon on the fall of the Roman Empire and De l’esprit des loix (1750; The Spirit of Laws), by Charles Louis, baron de Montesquieu, as well as the Greek and Roman classics. Absolute Idealism is an ontologically monistic philosophy associated with Hegel and his good friend, Friedrich Schelling. In 1811 Hegel married Marie von Tucher (22 years his junior), of Nürnberg. These friendships clearlyhad a major influence on Hegel’s philosophical development, andfor a while th… Hegel developed a comprehensive philosophical framework, or "system", of Absolute idealism to account in an integrated and developmental way for the relation of mind and nature, the subject and object of knowledge, psychology, the state, history, art, religion, and philosophy. Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel. Er ist das älteste von drei Kindern. His first published work, in 1798, consisted of notes accompanying his translation of letters by an exiled Bernese lawyer criticizing the city's oligarchy. Philosophy of Fine Art by Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel: The Complete Work Plus an Overview, Chapter by Chapter Summary and Author Biography! The Hottest Male Celebrities With The Best Abs. Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel was a famous German philosopher who lived in the 18th century. During this period his lectures attracted students from all over Germany and the world. Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel est un philosophe allemand à qui l’on doit les citations : Décidément, il est plus difficile de briser un préjugé qu’un atome ou encore Écouter la forêt qui pousse plutôt que l’arbre qui tombe. Hegel was now able to free himself from the domination of Kant’s influence and to look with a fresh eye on the problem of Christian origins. 27. - Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel Biography, https://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/georg-wilhelm-friedrich-hegel-8146.php. Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770–1831) • Biographie • [Das älteste Systemprogramm des deutschen Idealismus] Es handelt sich bei diesem Text um eine fragmentarisch überlieferte Schrift in Hegels Handschrift, die 1917 von F. Rosenzweig in den Sitzungsberichten der Heidelberger Akademie der Wissenschaften veröffentlicht, betitelt und Schelling zugeschrieben worden ist. His chief friends during that period were a pantheistic poet, J.C.F. Hegel died in November 1831 due to cholera and a gastrointestinal complication. In 1808, he was appointed as the headmaster of a Gymnasium in Nuremberg where he worked for eight years. He went on to be appointed as the Rector of the University in 1829, when he was 59. Biographie. Born in Stuttgart; he died in Berlin. Born on 27 August 1770 in Stuttgart, Württemberg, Germany, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel was a philosopher, author, and a key component among classical German philosophers. Hegel accepted this teaching; but, being more of a historian than Kant was, he put it to the test of history by writing two essays. By 1805 he was promoted to the position of Extraordinary Professor, unsalaried. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. His hopes of more companionship, however, were unfulfilled: Hölderlin was engrossed in an illicit love affair and shortly lost his reason. Christened Georg Wilhelm Friedrich, he was known as Wilhelm to his close family. German philosopher. In particular, he develop… His father is a civil servant at the court of Karl Eugen, Duke of Württemberg. degree in 1790. Hegel was lonely in Berne and was glad to move, at the end of 1796, to Frankfurt am Main, where Hölderlin had gotten him a tutorship. In 1831, he was decorated with the Order of the Red Eagle, 3rd Class, by Fredrick William III, for his service to the Prussian state. Though his duties left him little time for study and writing, he acquainted himself with the Bernese political situation. His wife bore him two sons: Karl, who became eminent as a historian; and Immanuel, whose interests were theological. Bradley, spurred the development of existentialism beginning with Søren Kierkegaard, and was adapted in part in the dialectical materialism of Karl Marx. Auf de… This article treats Hegel’s life, thought, and influence. At the time of his death, he was one of Germany’s most prominent philosophers. He was a complex thinker who dominated the German philosophy in the nineteenth century and influenced western thought for generations. Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel was born onAugust 27, 1770, in Stuttgart, Germany. The family circle was joined by Ludwig, a natural son of Hegel’s from Jena. Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (* 27. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? However, he did not get along well with the family and took up a similar job with a wine merchant in Frankfurt. Schon hier erwies er sich als ein außerordentlich fleißiger und aufnahmefähiger Arbeiter, der sich mit systematischem Interesse ein umfassendes Wissen anzueignen bestrebt war. He also studied the critical philosopher Immanuel Kant and was stimulated by his essay on religion to write certain papers that became noteworthy only when, more than a century later, they were published as a part of Hegels theologische Jugendschriften (1907; Early Theological Writings). He was brought up in an atmosphere of Protestant pietism. Voici une biographie détaillée de Hegel (1770 – 1831). The Phenomenology of Mind. From 1788 to 1793 he studied classics, philosophy, and theology at the University of Tübingen, earning an M.A. Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770-1831) Hegel was another disciple of Kant; he was of the Idealist school. Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel: Encyclopedia of the Philosophical Sciences in Basic Outline, Part 1, Science of Logic (Cambridge Hegel Translations) Oct 28, 2010. He was deeply influenced by the French Revolution and Hellenic civilization during his younger days. Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770-1831) was a German philosopher and historian whose literary work is notoriously dry and boring to read (besides being almost unintelligible). Horst Althaus, Hegel und die heroischen Jahre der Philosophie. His views are highly regarded even today and are interpreted differently by right wing conservatives and left wing followers, who are more inclined towards an atheistic position. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Hölderlin, his contemporary, and the nature philosopher Schelling, five years his junior. Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel was born on 27 August 1770 in the town of Stuttgart in the Duchy of Wurttemberg, South-Western Germany to Georg Ludwig and Maria Magdalena Louisa. He was deeply disturbed by the riots for reform in Berlin during this period. He had a sister named Christiane Luise and a brother, Georg Ludwig, who died as an officer in Napoleon’s Russian campaign. Karl Rosenkranz, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegels Leben, Darmstadt 1977 (Nachdruck der Ausgabe Berlin 1844). His father, Georg Ludwig, was Rentkammersekretär (secretary to the revenue office) at the court of Karl Eugen, Duke of Württemberg. Der wesentliche Bildungseinfluß der Stuttgarter Jahre waren die klassische Antike und die deutsche Aufklärung. Omissions? On leaving college, Hegel did not enter the ministry; instead, wishing to have leisure for the study of philosophy and Greek literature, he became a private tutor. Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel was born on 27 August 1770 in the town of Stuttgart in the Duchy of Wurttemberg, South-Western Germany to Georg Ludwig and Maria Magdalena Louisa. German philosopher, and a major figure in German Idealism. Hegel was the son of a revenue officer. For the next 3 1/2 years Hegel was engaged as a private tutor in Berne. In 1788 he entered the Tübinger Stift, a Protestant Seminary, and became roommates with Friedrich Hölderlin and F.W.J. August: Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel wird in Stuttgart als Sohn des Rentkammersekretärs und späteren Expeditionsrates Georg Ludwig Hegel und seiner Frau Maria Magdalena, geb. He is the founder of Hegelianism Historicism, ‘Naturphilosophie’ and belonged to the school of German Idealism coupled with Absolute and Objective Idealism. Hegel's Encyclopaedia Logic constitutes the foundation of the system of philosophy presented in his Encyclopaedia of the Philosophical Sciences. August 1770 in Stuttgart als Sohn einer pietistischen Beamtenfamilie zur Welt. The Biography. Hegel was born on 27 August 1770 in Stuttgart, capital of the Duchy of Württemberg in southwestern Germany. His work, following upon that of Immanuel Kant, Johann Gottlieb Fichte, and Friedrich Schelling, thus marks the pinnacle of classical German philosophy. Hegel to Frommann, Bamberg, July 9, 1808, in Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, Hegel, the Letters translated by Clark Butler and Christiane Seiler (Bloomington, 1984), 425. After receiving his theological certificate from the Tubingen seminary, he became a home tutor in the house of an aristocratic family in Bern. The first of these was a life of Jesus in which Hegel attempted to reinterpret the Gospel on Kantian lines. He read and made clippings from English newspapers, wrote about the internal affairs of his native Wurtemberg, and studied economics. His mother taught him Latin grammar at home before he switched schools, which put him ahead of his class. He introduced his book ‘Phenomenology of the Spirit’ as part the syllabus and started to work on the ‘Encyclopaedia of the Philosophical Science’ during this period. Hegel completed four major works in his lifetime, besides some articles and revision of his Encyclopaedia during the later part of his life. Georg Hegel. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Seine Mitschüler müssen ihn als ein wenig altväterlich und steif empfunden haben, und später, auf dem Tübinger Stift, erhielt er den Spitznamen der alte Mann. Please visit www.delphiclassics.com to browse through our range of exciting titles or to purchase this eBook as a Parts Edition of individual eBooks. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. He was born to Georg Ludwig and Maria Magdalena Louisa. He was educated at the Royal Highschool in Stuttgart from 1777-88 and steeped in both the classics and the literature of the European Enlightenment. Hegel began to suffer from melancholia and, to cure himself, worked harder than ever, especially at Greek philosophy and modern history and politics. Together they read the Greek tragedians and celebrated the glories of the French Revolution. Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel was born on 27 August 1770 in the town of Stuttgart in the Duchy of Wurttemberg, South-Western Germany to Georg Ludwig and Maria Magdalena Louisa. H. besuchte in Stuttgart das Karls-Gymnasium. As an absolute idealist inspired by Christian insights and grounded in his mastery of a fantastic fund of concrete knowledge, Hegel found a place for everything—logical, natural, human, and divine—in a dialectical scheme that repeatedly swung from thesis to antithesis and back again to a higher and richer synthesis. Hegel was born on 27 August 1770 in Stuttgart, capital of the Duchy of Württemberg in southwestern Germany. In 1818, he took up a Chair of Philosophy at the University of Berlin, which was vacant since 1814. Hegelian Dialectic is a threefold method of development that follows the sequence of a ‘Problem’ resulting in a ‘Reaction’ and finally reaching a ‘Solution’. Eine Biographie, München/Wien 1992. Born in 1770 in Stuttgart, Hegel spent the years 1788–1793 asa student in nearby Tübingen, studying first philosophy, and thentheology, and forming friendships with fellow students, the futuregreat romantic poet Friedrich Hölderlin (1770–1843) andFriedrich von Schelling (1775–1854), who, like Hegel, wouldbecome one of the major figures of the German philosophical scene inthe first half of the nineteenth century. Translator of Hegel's Political Writings, Early Theological Writings, and Aesthetics. As a schoolboy he made a collection of extracts, alphabetically arranged, comprising annotations on classical authors, passages from newspapers, and treatises on morals and mathematics from the standard works of the period. Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel : biography 1770-8-27 – 14 November 1831 Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel ( August 27, 1770 – November 14, 1831) was a German philosopher, and a major figure in German Idealism. In Stuttgart, Hegel’s birthplace, he attended grammar schools from the age of three and the Gymnasium Illustre, an academic preparatory school, from the age of six or seven. German philosopher. G.W.F. Er gilt als einer der bedeutendsten Vertreter des deutschen Idealismus sowie als einer der großen Schöpfergestalten des deutschen Geistes. ‘The Elements of the Philosophy of Right’ is his political philosophy which was published in 1820. He was the son of a provincial official. ‘The Encyclopaedia of the Philosophical Science’ is a summary of his philosophy, which was published in 1816 and later revised by him in 1827 and 1830. Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel fue un filósofo alemán, considerado uno de los grandes representantes del idealismo en Alemania. He also had an illegitimate son named Ludwig Fischer who joined the Hegel household at the age of 10, when his mother died. He also published his book ‘Science of Logic’. ↩︎ He was interested in the study of Metaphysics, ‘Naturphilosophie’, Philosophy of History, Political Philosophy, Logic and Aesthetics. Danach war er bis zum Abschluss im Jahr 1788 Schüler des dortigen "Gymnasiums illustre". Biography of Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel! Though his fellow students called him “the old man,” he liked cheerful company and a “sacrifice to Bacchus” and enjoyed the company of women as well. His father was a secretary to Karl Eugen, Duke of Wurttemberg and his mother was the daughter of a lawyer. Here he studied philosophy and classics for two years and graduated in 1790. He was brought up in an atmosphere of Protestant pietism. His thoughts included Absolute Idealism, Hegelian Dialectic and ‘Sublation’. He was also said to be poor in oral exposition, a deficiency that was to dog him throughout his life. Principal of the University of St. Andrews, Scotland, 1953–66. Who Is The Greatest Female Warrior In History? Georg Friedrich Wilhelm Hegel wurde als Sohn einer alten Beamten- und Theologenfamilie am 27. Translator of Hegel's. Hegels Philosophie erhebt den Anspruch, die gesamte Wirklichkeit in der Vielfalt ihrer Erscheinungsformen einschließlich ihrer geschichtlichen Entwicklung zusammenhängend, systematisch und definitiv zu deuten. Here, he became close friends with the poet, Friedrich Holderlin and the philosopher, Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling, who were his roommates. During this period he displayed outstanding academic ability and love for reading philosophy and poetry. Hegel was born in Stuttgart in 1770, the son of an official in the government of the Duke of Württemberg. Hegel was the last of the great system builders of Western philosophy and the greatest and most extravagant representative of the school of absolute idealism. It is the largest representative of the idealism in Germany. His father was a secretary to Karl Eugen, Duke of Wurttemberg and his mother was the daughter of a lawyer. Christened Georg Wilhelm Friedrich, he was known as Wilhelm to his close family. Nevertheless, such is the persistence of this misnomer that the model and terminology survive in a number of scholarly works. He completed his theological studies from a Protestant seminary but was not inclined to become a clergy. His main works concern a woo-propagating idea known as the 'World Spirit', and a solid idea known as the Hegelian Dialectic.A true child of Romanticism, he developed coevally with the growing German spirit of his time. Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, (born August 27, 1770, Stuttgart, Württemberg [Germany]—died November 14, 1831, Berlin), German philosopher who developed a dialectical scheme that emphasized the progress of … November 1831 in Berlin) war ein deutscher Philosoph, der als wichtigster Vertreter des deutschen Idealismus gilt. The marriage was entirely happy. Moore and Bertrand Russell, both pioneering figures in British analytic philosophy—as in his positive impact. His historicist and idealist account of reality revolutionized European philosophy and was an important precursor to Continental philosophy and Marxism. From here he published his book ‘Philosophy of Right’ in 1821. August 1770 in Stuttgart geboren.